Wu Feiyang (吾非羊) is a popular blogger.
1, Nowadays, China is trapped in a collective spiritual vacuum. Like some scholars have said, after reform and open up, and along with the development of market economy, China has gone through some predicted social tides like liberation of individuality, pragmatism, liberalism and nihilism. Its influence is wide and profound and it is hard to evaluate.
2, More multi-dimensional mindsets have started to appear on the Internet, in schools, media and academia. Leftists advocate in the park and calling for the return to Mao’s era. Rightists gather on the Internet and criticize the government and the country. Descendents of previous emperors calling for constitutional monarchy. Some people even propose China to become a federal country. They all have strong wills to express themselves, but they have different motivations, directions and demands; and some of them contradict each other. Some of the radical remarks even go to extreme. Some of them don’t want to seriously study China’s political, economical and cultural development and they go beyond reality and become insane.
3, The mainstream national ideology is not as powerful as it was three decades ago, from the idealism in 1949 to pragmatism in 1978 to today’s “nothing-ism”. And it can’t really get most people’s acknowledgement from people outside of the system. To continue developing or keeping its momentum China increasingly needs to rely on its economic power rather than ideological power. The multi-dimensional social thoughts under market economy is like a double-edge sword. They support China’s development, but they also divide China up -- this political, economical, cultural, moral or even faith community.
Yao Yang is the director of Peking University’s National School of Development, and China Economics Study Center
1, It is not that the Chinese government doesn’t have its own motivation of interest - legitimacy is one of the interests it pursuits. However, there are many ways to maintain its legitimacy. The simplest way is to forge alliance with the most powerful group in the society and suppress those who oppose them with force. Many national governments use this method and eventually they make the economy a huge mess.
2, Mao Zedong once said that China could contribute much more to the world. The contribution is not only economical but also soft power. Politicians are often trapped in their daily work and can’t engage in this endeavor, therefore scholars should shoulder this responsibility. Currently there are many scholars who like to criticize the system, but there are very few people who could positively reflect on themselves. We are also trapped by the fights between leftists and rightists. Some people become extremely leftist; some people become extremely rightist. The extreme leftists always stress on old-fashioned things; and the extreme rightists say we need to be completely Westernized.
3, I am first and foremost a nationalist, then a liberalist, and then a socialist. This is the order I give to myself. Though Americans cry for freedom and democracy everyday, but under the table they always say “the US is the priority”. They will never say they will first think of China. The president of US has clearly said that the “interest of the US is his first interest”.
4, However, many people in China don’t understand this. They think the supreme state should be the American “freedom and democracy”, which is wrong. For Americans, their first interest is American interest, and then there is freedom and democracy. Freedom and democracy is but a flag to suppress others. I often go to the US to attend meetings on International Relations. From the speeches given you can feel their nationalism very clearly. Every American, particularly the elitists, deep down are nationlists. They always speak on their national stance. Not only this, American elitists also feel that they are higher on the moral stance. They always speak on top of Chinese people, which is very disgusting. The whole world is in the structure of big fish eating small fish. We need to talk about internationalism only when the whole world is equal. Obama has clearly said that the US can’t be the second. But China doesn’t want to be number 3 all the time. The Chinese nation is a very ambitious nation with two thousand years of history. Haven’t Americans realized that Chinese people have ambitions?
5, This is the American patriotism and nationalism, which is not less intense than the Chinese. It is just that there are problems in Chinese education. It didn’t make nationalism and patriotism part of people’s characteristics, which is our problem.
By Yu Ge, a writer and blogger
1, The biggest harm of chicken soup is that on the name of comforting, it teaches people to avoid, tolerate, self-deceive and self-numb. Taking account of this shadow, its function of encouragement is close to zero. This is actually a very familiar way of self-deception. First you admit the legitimacy of reality. Even if it is not as justified, people don’t feel motivated to change the situation because they are intoxicated by chicken soup. They are hypnotized. in their delusion they are alienated from reality. They only want to be the master in the illusional heart and don’t care that they are actually seriously enslaved by reality. This kind of chicken soup is really hormones for the cynics and good medicine for harmony control.
2, A good example is how Yu Dan (a famous TV host) teaches people how to deal with smog, not to fight, but to avoid: close doors and windows so smog won’t come into your house; turn on air purifier so smog won’t come into your lungs too much. If these don’t work, protect yourself emotionally, don’t let smog come into your heart. Even though she admits the damage of smog, she also justifies the existence of smog. This kind of comforting is like drug. It is a spiritual smog, or even worse than smog.
Book review of Chen Jian’s Documentation of China’s Family Planning Revolution
Written by Deng Yuwen, deputy editor of Party School’s newspaper Study Times, and researcher of Tianda Research Institute in Hong Kong
1, This book wants to tell us how the decision of family planning revolution was made. How come a well-meaning public policy became the target of public criticism? What are the prices of the family planning revolution? What kind of pain it has brought to everyone, the whole country and nation? Where does our happy life today come from? Is it from family planning or reform and open up? In the end it concludes that we must quickly adjust family planning policy and completely open up to more second birth.
2, Once a ruling party has almost used up all of its resources for the legitimacy of a revolution, if they can’t provide new legitimacy in other aspects, mainly in economical or life aspects, they will face the crisis of legitimacy, which is the reality the Chinese Communist Party faced after the Cultural Revolution. They felt an urgency in the economical sense, therefore they ruthlessly chose the “foreign leap forward” plan. At that time they thought that to quickly increase the living standard of its people, while seriously trying to develop economy, they also needed to control population growth and bring the number of population down.
3, A public policy could only proceed smoothly if it wins the understanding and support of the people. Otherwise it could only be carried out by force and violence. Many public policies were like this and the family planning policy was not an exception.
4, Therefore, the book believes that in general, the overall effects of the family planning policy are negative. If there was not this revolutionary change because of this family planning policy, and if they continued the policy of “later and fewer birth”, under the big backdrop of reform and open up, the quality of birth by Chinese women, the age structure of the birth population, the age structure of the general population, the gender structure and aging situation would be much more balanced than the current state. And we could have avoided the extreme tragic prices we have paid.