Zheng Yongnian: director of National University of Singapore’s East Asian Institute
1, We could imagine this real scenario, in about 15 years, the generation born after the One-Child policy will start to engage in economical and political stage, also in the elite class. There are a few characteristics of people in this group. First, in a continuously exclusive system, for those who belong to the power class, generally speaking, the One-Child generation never really suffered much bitterness and don’t have any strong social responsibility. Second, they grew up in loneliness, though in the elite class, they don’t have good communication skills or don’t know much about the spirit of cooperation. Third, the education they received is profoundly contradictory.
2, The prospect and consequences of social disorder is utterly clear. Most importantly we need to realize that we must avoid the vicious trap of traditional revolution and revolt. No matter it is revolution or revolt, let alone the countless number of death and huge destruction of productivity, the most important is that they are not a way out for Chinese society. They are simply reproduction of the social system.
3, In China, gradual change is the real change, radical change, particularly revolution may not lead to any change, because radical change generally leads to simple repetition.
4, In the past few years, there are two groups of people who have been emigrating overseas. One is the very educated group, the other is the wealthy group. For many years the government has set up many appealing programs to attract talents, but there is still a forceful trend of brain drain. In the age of globalization, the fluidility of this intelligent group is increasingly apparent.
5, No matter previous government officials or entrepreneurs, in a new society, they are basically just a lone group of high-end consumers. They have money to consume, but don’t have the capability to set up organic connections with mainstream society.
Wang Junxiu: Director and Researcher of the Social Psychology Office of China Academy of Social Sciences
1, From the survey we have found out that compare to 2010, the general trust level in 2014 has changed to generally trusting, from negative - not trusting. Those who choose mistrust very much has reduced 1.2 percent compared to 2010.
2, There is a general expansion of the dimension of mistrusted groups. Only fewer than half of the people believe that most of the people in society are worth trusting and don’t need to be cautious of. If that person is a stranger, the ratio of trust is less, which is only 20 to 30%. The mis-trust of the majority of people make people live in constant caution and insecurity. And this kind of mutual distrust is gradually consolidating and becoming our social character. In the long term it is going to form a general culture of mistrust.
3, There is also an increasing distrust among different groups. There is distrust between officials and laypeople, police and laypeople, doctors and patients, consumers and entrepreneurs. There is also distrust among different social classes.
4, There is increasing friction and conflicts. Social distrust has become the foundation for many social events. Class awareness has become the core of social mentality and social behavior. Everyone cares about their position in this society. They care which class they belong to in this society, and everyone has the aspiration to upward mobility.
5, Also, the general tone of social emotion is positive, but there is also alarming negative emotion that is not good for individual health or social harmony.
6, The tipping point of negative emotion is very low, and emotions are strong and clearly directed. We could see from many expression of negative social emotions, that there is very strong reactions in big social events.
7, Another new characteristic of social value is that there is an increased awareness of people’s rights. From the analysis of social opinions and group events, we could see that the most popular cause of social events is to fight for their rights. Those who fight for their rights are from all kinds of major groups.
8, The multi-dimensional values in society in a certain sense is because people of different social classes, cultural background and living conditions have different interests, different needs and different knowledge structure, as well as different source of information and different influence from their social environment, which is normal. And it is also a natural consequence of social transition from the previous single value system. However, there is another striking problem behind this multi-dimensional value system, which is a lack of shared value. Take the example of people’s view on rights, everyone has their different understanding of rights. Some people look at rights from their own personal perspective and don’t consider other people’s rights. The cross of personal rights and public rights has stirred up many disturbance and conflicts.