by Professor Zhang Qianfan from Beida Law School
Published on FT Chinese
1, In the past year, citizen's opinions on the Internet has increasingly become a focus by the legal and judiciary institutions. In 2013 China's "two supremes" (The supreme court and supreme inspection) have released their regulation on expressions on the Internet. This was undoubtedly widely applied and even extended. The crime of "creating disturbances" written on article 293 of the Constitution has been used more frequently to describe people's expressions on the Internet. The law circle is very concerned that this crime could be easily used as a kind of "pocket crime" (A fluid term of crime that could be applied widely). Therefore, not only it will be against the principle of "rule of law" and "rule of constitution", but it will also lead to abuse of public power. It will also hugely constrain people's freedom of speech, which is protected by Article No. 35 in the Constitution.
2, For a rational person, their bodies must be controlled by their brain. If the brain loses its control, the body will move restlessly, and this person will be dangerous. This is the same for a country.
3, What is the brain of a country? In terms of law the “brain” of a country is public intellect. In a healthy and normal country, the law serves for everyone's public interests. What are “public interests”? What kind of policy, law or even system is most beneficial to people's happiness? This question will lead to different answers for different people. Everyone has their freedom to think for themselves and express themselves. No one is justified to claim that they hold the ultimate truth.
4, As long as the “brain” of a country could think normally, they won't use their arms to control their brain. Because it is very simple, arms will never be as good as thinking compared to the brain. The police are not necessarily more qualified to make the more correct judgment, compared with ordinary people. Controlling the brain with arms is replacing reason with power.
Sex and gender are not destined social norms
Published by Gongshiwang
Interview with the leader of a NGO Tongyu, helping those who are oppressed by their sexual identity and sexual orientation
Who created the notion that women should go home?
Published by Gongshiwang
1, Generally when there is a shortage of work, there will be debates about women going back home. The four waves of women going home debates happened in the past were all related to the employment situation. If there are limited amount of employment, who would be laid off? Because of all sorts of reasons, there are always voices about women going back home and giving up their jobs.
3, Scholar Song Shaopeng (lecture at Renmin University's China School of Marxism Studies) points out that the current labor system basically designs a worker as a “labor”. A labor is an abstract person without any gendered roles. They do not need to give birth to children, nurture them or take care of them. So it seems it is an equal design. However, when it is tested in reality, there are problems.
5, In terms of the issues of women going home, modern feminist waves not only should reflect and clarify traditional gender roles, but they also need to consider if the basic social systems are fair to women and if there are invisible design to make women go home.